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Douglas D, Koch K, Buitrago-Mogollon T, Horstmann S; Successful Implementation of the Eat Sleep Console Model of Care for Infants with NAS in a Community Hospital, Hospital Pediatrics 2019;9;632, Research Article originally published online July 24, 2019.


Jones HE, Seashore C, Johnson E, et al. Psychometric assessment of the Neonatal Abstinence Scoring System and the MOTHER NAS Scale. Am J Addict, 2016; 25(30: 370-3.


MacMillan KDL, Rendon CP, Verma K, Riblet N, Washer DB, Holmes AV; Association of Rooming-in With Outcomes for Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis JAMA Pediatrics. 2018;172(4):345-351.


Grossman MR, Osborn RR, Berkwitt AK. Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: Time for a Reappraisal. Hosp Pediatr, 2017; 7(20; 115-16.


Grossman MR, Berkwitt AK, Osborn RR, et al. An Initiative to Improve the Quality of Care of Infants with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. Pediatrics, 2017; 139(6): e20164460.


Holmes AV, Atwood EC, Whalen B, et al. Rooming-In to Treat Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: Improved Family-Centered Care at Lower Cost. Pediatrics, 2016; 137(6).


Grossman MR, Lipshaw MJ, Osborn RR, & Berkwitt AK. RESEARCH ARTICLE A Novel Approach to Assessing Infants with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. Hospital Pediatrics, 2018, 8(1), 1–6.

Grisham LM,  Stephen MM, Coykendall MR, Kane MF, Maurer JA, Bader MY. Eat, Sleep, Console Approach: A Family-Centered Model for the Treatment of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Advances in Neonatal Care, April 2019; 19(2):138-144.


Blount T, Painter A, Freeman E, Grossman M,  Sutton AG. Reduction in Length of Stay and Morphine Use for NAS with the “Eat, Sleep, Console” Method; Hospital Pediatrics; 2019 Aug;9(8):615-623.


Howard, M. B., Schiff, D. M., Penwill, N., Si, W., Rai, A., Wolfgang, T., & Moses, J. M. (2017). Impact of Parental Presence at Infants ’ Bedside on Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. Hospital Pediatrics, 7(2), 63–69.

Wachman, E. M., Grossman, M., Schiff, D. M., Philipp, B. L., Minear, S., Hutton, E., … Whalen, B. L. (2018). Quality improvement initiative to improve inpatient outcomes for Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. Journal of Perinatology, 38, 1114–1122.


Kocherlakota, P. (2014). Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. Pediatrics, 134(2), e547–e561.

Patrick SW, Schiff DM, Committee on Substance Use and Prevention. A Public Health Response to Opioid Use in Pregnancy. Pediatrics 2017;139.